Maine Coon – Because of their massive bodies and their soft nature, Maine coons cats are often called”the gentle giants” of cats world — and with good reason.
Male Maine coon cat can weigh as high as 18 pounds, while females reach 16 pounds. Maine coons on average are 39 to 40 inches in length.
The adorable and fluffy creatures are also among the most renowned domestic cat breed within the United States, so they have plenty of historical significance. If you’re already an Maine coon-parent or contemplating adopting one, you’ll be enthralled by these interesting facts as well as adorable photos of these magnificent Coon cat breed cats.
Your Maine Coon’s Health
We are aware that because you are so attached to your pet, you’d like to ensure the best care for her. This is why we’ve written down the health concerns that we’ll discuss with you throughout the lifetime that you have with the Maine Cat.
If you are aware of the common health issues that plague Maine Coons we will aid you in creating a unique preventive health program and hopefully reduce certain known risks to your pet.
The Maine Coon Cat Breed Info – Many illnesses and conditions are genetic, which means they are a result of the breed of your pet. The conditions we’ll describe in this article have a high rate of incidence or have a substantial impact on this breed, particularly as per a consensus agreement among researchers studying feline genetics and veterinarians.
It doesn’t mean that your cat will be suffering from these issues, it’s just that they could be at greater more risk than the other breeds. We’ll discuss the most frequent issues that are seen among Maine Coons to provide you with some idea about what could occur in the near future. Of course, it’s impossible to be able to cover all possibilities here So, always consult with us if you observe any unusual symptoms or signs.
This guide provides general information on health that is relevant to all felines , as and information on genetic predispositions that are common to Maine Coons. This information will help to you as well as your pets medical team determine your pet’s specific medical needs together.
The article concludes with a description of what you can do. article, we’ve included a brief description of what could be done at home at the moment to ensure that you keep the Coon Cat healthy and looking the best. We hope this guideline will allow you to identify the signs to look for, and that we be able to rest assured that we’re taking the most effective possible care of our maine Cats.
General Health Information for your Maine Coon Cat
Obesity in cats is an important disease that is linked to an astonishingly large number of deaths and illnesses in cats.
The truth about this is much more well-known and widely understood than in the past However, too many pet owners have not yet heeded the potential dangers of excess weight for their pets. The excess weight of pets is among the biggest factors behind the progression of arthritis, the diabetes epidemic, among other potentially fatal illnesses.
Many people have experienced firsthand through personal experience–that losing just one or two pounds can bring about greater mobility and a higher motivation to exercise. This is also true to your dog.
Studies suggest that having excessive weight can cut the life span of pets by up to two years. It could also trigger the development of arthritis up to two years earlier. Diabetes, a genetic disease is a greater likelihood to develop in obese animals but it is not likely to develop in cats who are healthy and weight-wise.
The heavier and overweight the cat is the more likely to become diabetic. Hepatic lipidosis, also known as the fatty liver is another possibility of death for overweight animals. Hepatic cholesterol can manifest within a matter of hours after a cat who is overweight ceases eating for reasons of any kind.
So how do we help our pets keep their bodies in good shape?
Knowing your cat’s eating habits is essential. The average cat likes to consume food about 10 times per day, with only handfuls of nibbles at a go. This method, known as free-feeding, is a great choice for all cats, however boredom can cause more visits your cat makes to the bowl for food.
If you keep your cat active and interested it will help your cat remain healthy and have a lot of enjoyment at the same time! Strings tied to a wooden stick, with some sort of fuzzy or crinkly thing at the other end on the string along with an imagination of your own, your cat will be amused.
Cat Food puzzles such as food kibbles placed in a paper bag, or in an overturned container or basket, can aid in enticing cats who have more food-related pursuits to play and tumble.
In the case of severe instances of excessive eating and overeating, you must stand firm and manage your cat’s intake. Instead of filling the cat’s bowl with food to the max and then feeding it, adhere to the guidelines on the food label and make sure you feed the highest quality adult cat food as suggested by your veterinarian.
Reverse your cat’s habits of snacking when bored with additional playtime and affection. Cats usually adjust their desire for interaction with their owners based on how much affection shown to them. In this way, refusing to interact with your cat is a sign that your cat is not interested in you.
On the other hand that you love and play with your cat often can cause your cat to want to spend time with you. An active cat is more healthy, happier pet its owner!
Dentistry is among the most frequent chronic issues among pets that do not have regular brushing of their teeth. Unfortunately, many cats do not do a great job of taking care of their teeth, and that includes the ones you have with your Maine Cat.
If you don’t provide additional assistance and care from you your cat is more likely to experience potentially serious dental issues. Dental disease begins by removing food residue that hardens and forms tartar that forms on the visible surfaces of the teeth.
This eventually, it leads to an gum disease and teeth roots. Preventing your cat from dental problems from the beginning by regularly cleaning food residue can help delay or prevent the need for more advanced treatment for dental diseases.
The treatment may be stress-inducing for your cat and cost you money, so taking preventive measures can be beneficial for everyone. If you have a severe case of persistent dental disease the cat may lose teeth or cause injury to organs in the internal.
In addition you can be sure that your cat will be happier and less likely to be making everyone gag with smelly cat breath! We’ll help you keep your cat’s white teeth in good order at home and also help you schedule regular dental check-ups.
Infections that can be prevented by vaccination
Like the majority of cats Like all cats Coons are vulnerable to viral and bacterial diseases like panleukopenia rhinotracheitis and calicivirus. the rabies virus, which can be prevented by vaccines.
The chance of your cat contracting any of these illnesses is extremely high, therefore the vaccines that are associated with them are referred to as “core” vaccines. They are strongly advised for every cat. Furthermore, vaccines can provide protection from other diseases that can be deadly, like feline lymphoma virus (FeLV).
When determining the best vaccination options on behalf of your dog, we’ll be looking at the incidence of these diseases within your area, such as the Cat Care Center of Baton Rouge region, your cat’s age and additional risk factors related to her particular lifestyle.
Many kinds of worms as well as bugs can infest your Coon Your cat’s body, inside and out. From ticks and fleas and ear mites could be a problem for her ears and skin. Roundworms, hookworms, heartworms and whipworms are able to be introduced into her system through various ways, including drinking water that is not clean or walking on soil that is contaminated or getting bit by a mosquito that is infected.
Certain of these parasites could be passed to the person you are sharing with and pose a significant risk for all. Your cat’s wellbeing is a concern they can cause discomfort, pain and even death, which is why it is essential to examine the presence of these parasites regularly.
There are many kinds of parasites that are detected through an examination of the feces, so it’s best to bring a freshly soiled stool sample (in an odor-proof container and please) along with your pet to your twice-yearly health checks. We’ll also suggest preventive medications when needed to maintain her health.
Spay or Neuter
One of the most beneficial ways to take care of you Maine Cat is to have her spayed (neutered for males). In females, this method includes surgically removing the female ovaries and, in most cases, the uterus. for males they have their testicles surgically removed. Neutering or spaying your pet reduces the chance of developing certain types of cancer and reduces the chance of your pet having a baby or having unwanted litters.
Both genders are generally less than adamant and are less likely wander and wander around, and neutering in particular reduces the incidence of marking and spraying urine behavior for males. The procedure also gives us the chance, even when your cat is in anesthesia, to determine and treat some of the conditions your cat is more likely to get.
For instance, if your pet requires hip X-rays to determine if there is dysplasia or a thorough examination of the teeth to detect stomatitis these procedures can be done simultaneously with the spay or neuter procedure to lessen the strain on your cat.
Regular tests of blood before surgery aids us in identifying and avoid common issues that can increase the anesthetic and surgical risks. This may sound like an awful lot of information to think about however don’t worry, we’ll go over all the particular issues we’ll examine with you once the time comes.
Genetic Predispositions that Predict Maine Coons
Cardiomyopathy is a medical term used to describe heart muscle disorders that is either an initial inheritable condition or as a result of other illnesses that affect the heart. The most prevalent form, called hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy also known as HCM is a condition that causes the thickening that affects the cardiac muscle that is often due to excessive thyroid hormone.
Another type of Dilated Cardiomyopathy or DCM which is due to a diet deficiency of taurine, an amino acid. Although DCM was a major issue in the past major cat food producers today add taurine to their cat food, and so DCM isn’t often found in cats fed high-quality diets in the present.
Finding signs of cardiomyopathy early is crucial, however cats’ natural tendency to conceal illness can make it difficult to identify the signs. The first thing that a pet’s owner will notice is the rapid breathing as well as lethargy and lack of appetite. The symptoms can appear suddenly, usually within a couple of hours or several days, but typically it is the case that the cat has suffered for a few weeks or months and is now in severe difficulty.
Furthermore, HCM can cause blood clots that form within the heart. The clots may then escape the heart and get stuck in the main arteries that carry blood towards the back legs. In the event of this happening then the cat may suddenly lose control for both legs as well as the tail. The legs will become cool to touch and appear to be very painful. In any case, you notice a rapid breathing rate or painful paralysis the cat is experiencing an illness that is medically urgent and requires immediate medical attention from a vet.
There are a few breeds of cats there is a genetic test available to identify a particular gene disorder that can cause HCM. The majority of cats suffering from this condition have an abnormal heart that can be identified in a physical examination for wellness however, a diagnosis that is specific requires more sophisticated medical imaging. Being able to identify the problem early and when treatment is the best suited, is an crucial reason to have your pet checked twice a every year throughout their life.
The stifle, also known as the knee joint an amazing structure that allows cats to achieve incredible feats of agility, such as jumping, crouching and pinning. One of the major components of the stifle the patella, also known as kneecap as it is known medically.”luxation” means “being out from its the proper place”. Therefore, a luxating kneecap is a kneecap that slides away from the left side of the leg as a result of an insufficiently developed stifle.
A cat suffering from an luxating patella won’t display symptoms of pain or other abnormalities until the condition has advanced. The signs of this condition show up gradually , and eventually develop into lameness as the cat gets older.
The early detection of a luxating tibia is crucial to the effectiveness of treatment which is why giving your cat an xray at the moment of spaying or neuter, which is usually between three and six months old is a good method to determine. If the issue is not too severe and only affects just one leg, then your cat will not require any additional therapy beyond the standard arthritis medication.
If symptoms are greater, surgical intervention could be required to reposition the kneecap to keep it from moving out of its place. While the risk of patellar luxation appears to be genetic, the development of problems in joints can have complicated inheritance patterns and genetic tests haven’t yet been created for this type of condition. Patellar luxation is common in many breeds, however Coon Cats are more at risk of being affected by the condition.
Most often seen in dogs hip dysplasia can be seen in cats, particularly among Maine Coons. Dysplasia can be a genetic disease which causes malformations of the hip joints, and later arthritis. Most cats show little clinical signs as an adult, but it starts slowing down and exhibiting the characteristics of an older cat in the first couple of years. Cats with severe afflictions, however might show signs of lameness before six months old. Pelvic Xrays are essential to determine the early stages of hip dysplasia.
Cats must be anesthetized or sedated prior to the procedure, primarily due to the fact that the radiograph machine can be an extremely stressful and frightening experience for cats as well as because pelvis X-rays must be taken when the cat is completely still. Anesthesia ensures an appropriate position of the cat in order to make a clear, clear diagnostic radiograph without pain and anxiety that cats typically experience when undergoing X-rays, particularly those with hips that are painful.
Hip dysplasia is most effectively treated if it is discovered in the early stages, therefore first X-rays of hips are suggested during the time of your kitten’s neuter or spay generally between three and six months old. These X-rays are also able to be scheduled during the annual exam to reduce the amount of anesthesia your cat experiences.
If it is necessary hip dysplasia is a possibility to be treated through surgically reshaping the pelvis to relieve pain and facilitate greater mobility for your cat. Since the condition can be genetically inherited, when are buying an purebred kitten, make sure to inquire from your breeder if hips of parents were X-rayed.
Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gingiva, also known as gums. Like in humans it can cause discomfort and redness of the gums, and is frequently associated with other illnesses. In the case of mild cases, gingivitis may be treated by a mouthwash and is considered to be a minor issue, however, without treatment, it could lead into more severe conditions such as periodontal diseases or stomatitis. Gingivitis is also linked with resorptive lesion and retrovirus diseases like feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency risk virus (FIV). One of the most beneficial ways to help your cat is to get your mouth examined by us frequently.
Remember that cats are fantastic actors, and they are adept in masked illnesses, therefore, you might not even realize the existence of any dental issues at all without a thorough exam. With our highly trained team of healthcare professionals we are able to inspect the mouth of your cat to determine whether there is any discomfort or tooth issues. Although your cat might appear normal and behave normally however, there could be an issue within the back of his mouth!
Renal failure is the kidneys’ inability to perform their duties of removing waste from the blood and controlling hydration. Kidney disease is very common among older cats, and typically it is due to exposure to toxins or genetic reasons in kittens.
Even kittens who are young might suffer from renal failure when they inherit kidney problems which is why we recommend checking for kidney issues prior to any operation or anesthesia or surgery, and thereafter often throughout their lives. A severe renal failure can be a chronic, fatal condition, however, special diets and medicines will help pets suffering from kidney problems live longer and more active lives.
While we don’t want to think about the worst that could happen on our pet, if the worst happens, it’s better to prepare. The most efficient life-saving options that are available today in emergency medicine is blood transfusions. If your cat ever becomes severely injured or sick and needs blood transfusion and the sooner the procedure can be initiated more likely is the cat’s chances of survival.
Like humans, cats are different in blood type. The majority of domestic cats are blood type A, however purebred cats, such as the ones you have in your Maine Coon often have a different blood type, typically type B, and very rarely type AB.
The determination of the blood type of your cat is vital prior to beginning the process of transfusion. Knowing the blood type of your cat prior to the time could save you precious time. Blood typing is suggested for all cats however it is particularly important for purebreds. This test is performed as part of regular wellness blood test and results can be added to the microchip to ensure quick action, even if you’re not present.
Cats of all breeds who are entirely white, particularly with blue eyes, have a a high risk of congenital hearing loss and are more likely to be born with a reduced or even no hearing. Genetic deafness or hereditary hearing loss is also observed in certain Coon Cat bloodlines, so should you suspect that your cat’s hearing isn’t as sharp as it could be, book appointments with our vet immediately. The issue may be due to an issue that is treatable, such as ears with polyps or an infection.
However, if you’re sure that your pet’s ears are in good health and he’s still not paying attention to your voice, a thorough hearing exam may be required, including brainwave analysis, should it be indicated. There’s no cure for deafness caused by genetics, however, most deaf cats do are able to live in an indoor setting.
If your cat is deaf, or has hearing loss outdoors, it could be extremely dangerous because cats rely on their hearing for detecting sneaking predators, as well as other dangers such as cars that are approaching, so staying inside is the most effective way to keep your hearing-impaired pet secure.
Take Care of the Maine dog at Your Home
Much of the things it is you could do to help keep your pet content as well as healthy, is standard sense, like what you would do for a human. Monitor her diet, make sure she’s getting regular exercise, brush her coat and teeth and contact us or an emergency pet hospital if you notice something odd (see “What to Watch For” below). You must adhere to the scheduled tests and vaccinations that we suggest to your cat.
While your cat’s examinations are taking place we’ll conduct her regular “check-ups” and check for illnesses and conditions which are common to Maine Cats. Another important aspect of taking care of your pet is signing it up for health insurance for your pet. There will definitely be medical procedures and medical tests she’ll need throughout her lifetime and insurance for pet health can assist you in covering these expenses.
Diet, Routine Care and exercise
Include your pet’s routine into your daily routine to aid in helping the Coon Cat live longer, remain healthy, and happier throughout her lifetime. It is crucial to emphasize the importance of having a healthy nutrition and exercise schedule to your dog.
- Watch your pet like you would supervise a child. Keep doors shut, clean up your mess, and shut off areas as needed. This will keep her safe and off of surfaces that are not suitable for jumpingon, and from any objects she should not put in her mouths.
- The hair of her is long, and requires daily brushing.
- Maine Coons have generally good teeth. You can maintain them by cleaning them at least two times a week!
- Examine her ears regularly for any wax, debris or indications of infection. Keep them cleanse as often as necessary. We’ll help you!
- She should be involved in daily activities that awaken her natural urge to explore and hunt. Make sure that her body and mind are alert or she could have behavioral issues.
- Cats are extremely cleaned and need a tidy litter box. You should provide at least one litter box per every cat. Also, scoop the every day of waste.
- It is crucial to ensure that your cat drinks sufficient quantities of water. If she isn’t drinking fluids from the bowl, try adding water or ice cubes. fountain.
- Feed your cat a nutritious, high-quality diet suitable with her age.
- Keep your cat active by engaging her in high-energy toys.
What to Look for
A strange symptom that you notice for your pet may be an issue that is temporary or minor however it could be a sign of a serious health issue or illness. Finding out when to seek vet assistance, and how quickly it is crucial to take proper care for your pet. Cats with a variety of illnesses can to display a distinctive set of symptoms. They could be a clear indication you that the Maine Coon requires assistance.